These links are the footnotes from our introductory page Why we need research and how you can help. Please note that they are not intended to be an exhaustive list of vulvodynia studies and writings! For lists of published studies on vulval pain, we would strongly recommend visiting a database such as PubMed and searching for ‘vulvodynia’, ‘vestibulodynia’ or ‘vulva* pain’. Alternatively, some studies, books and other materials are listed on this website on our Further reading page.  There is also a good reading list available at the end of the VPS Handbook.

  1. Thomas TG. A Practical Treatise on the Diseases of Women. Philadelphia: Henry C Lea’s Son & Co; 1880:145-147.
  2. Skene AJC. Treatise on the Diseases of Women. New York: D Appleton & Co, 1892:93-94.
  3. Burning vulva syndrome: report of ISSVD task force. J Reprod Med 1984; 29:457.
  4. Reed BD, Harlow SD, Sen A, Legocki LJ, Edwards RM, Arato N, Haefner HK. Prevalence and demographic characteristics of vulvodynia in a population-based sample. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2012 Feb; 206(2):170.e1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.08.012. Epub 2011 Aug 22.
  5. Reed BD, Crawford S, Couper M, Cave C, Haefner HK. Pain at the vulvar vestibule: a web-based survey. J Low Genit Tract Dis 2004 Jan; 8(1):48-57.
  6. Harlow BL, Wise LA, Stewart EG. Prevalence and predictors of chronic lower genital tract discomfort. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001 Sep; 185(3):545-50.
  7. Harlow BL, Stewart EG. A population-based assessment of chronic unexplained vulvar pain: have we underestimated the prevalence of vulvodynia? J Am Med Womens Assoc (1972) 2003 Spring; 58(2):82-8.
  8. Reed BD, Haefner HK, Harlow SD, Gorenflo DW, Sen A. Reliability and validity of self-reported symptoms for predicting vulvodynia. Obstet Gynecol 2006 Oct; 108(4):906-13.